Peer-reviewed scientific journal articles, book chapters and species accounts…



Connor RC, Cioffi W, Randić S, Allen SJ, Watson-Capps JJ, Krützen M 2017. Male alliance behaviour and mating access varies with habitat in a dolphin social network. Scientific Reports 7:46354. DOI: 10.1038/srep46354.

Hunt TN, Bejder L, Allen SJ, Rankin RW, Hanf D, Parra GJ 2017. Demographic characteristics of Australian humpback dolphins reveal important habitat toward the south-western limit of their range. Endangered Species Research 32: 71-88.



Allen SJ, Bryant K, Kraus R, Loneragan N, Kopps A, Brown A, Gerber L, Krützen M (2016). Genetic isolation between coastal and fishery-impacted, offshore bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops spp.) populations. Molecular Ecology doi: 10.1111/mec.13622

Brown AM, Bejder L, Parra GJ, Cagnazzi D, Hunt T, Smith JL, Allen SJ (2016). Sexual dimorphism and geographic variation in dorsal fin features of Australian humpback dolphins, Sousa sahulensis. Advances in Marine Biology 73: 273-314.

Brown AM, Bejder L, Pollock KH, Allen SJ (2016). Site-specific assessments of the abundance of three inshore dolphin species to inform conservation and management. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 4. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00004

Higham JES, Bejder L, Allen SJ, Corkeron PJ, Lusseau D (2016). Managing whale-watching as a non-lethal consumptive activity.  Journal of Sustainable Tourism 24(1): 73-90

Hiley H, Perry S, Hartley S, King SL (2016). What’s Occurring? Ultrasonic signature whistle use in Welsh bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Bioacoustics. DOI: 10.1080/09524622.2016.1174885

Jedensjö M, Kemper CM, Krützen M (2016). Cranial morphology and taxonomic resolution of some dolphin taxa (Delphinidae) in Australian waters, with a focus on the genus Tursiops. Marine Mammal Science

King SL, Allen SJ, Connor RC, Jaakkola K (2016). Cooperation or dolphin ‘tug-of-war’? Comment on Kuczaj et al. and Eskelinen et al. Animal Cognition. DOI 10.1007/s10071-016-1026-x

King SL, Guarino E, Donegan K, Hecksher J, Jaakkola K (2016). Further insights into postpartum signature whistle use in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Marine Mammal Science. DOI: 10.1111/mms.12317

King SL, Guarino E, Keaton L, Erb L, Jaakkola K (2016). Maternal signature whistle use aids mother calf reunions in a bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus. Behavioural Processes.126: 64-70.

King, SL, & McGregor, PM (2016) Vocal Matching: the what, the why and the how. Biology Letters. 12(10): 20160666.

Rankin R, Nicholson K, Allen S, Krützen M, Bejder L, Pollock K (2016). A full-capture Hierarchical Bayesian model of Pollock’s closed robust design and application to dolphins. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 25. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00025

Sprogis K, Pollock K, Raudino H, Allen SJ, Kopps AM, Manlik O, Tyne J, Bejder L (2016). Sex-specific patterns of abundance, temporary emigration and survival of Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus) in coastal and estuarine waters. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 12. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00012



Connor RC, Krützen M (2015) Male dolphin alliances in Shark Bay: changing perspectives in a thirty-year study. Animal Behaviour 103: 223-235.

King SL (2015). You talkin’ to me? Interactive playback is a powerful yet underused tool in animal communication research. Biology Letters. 11: 20150403

King SL, Schick RS, Donovan CD, Booth CG, Burgman M, Thomas L, & Harwood J (2015). An Interim Framework for Assessing the Population Consequences of Disturbance. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 6(10): 1150–1158

King SL & Janik VM (2015). Come dine with me: food associated social signalling in wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Animal Cognition. 18(4):969-74.



Allen SJ (2014). From exploitation to adoration: The historical and contemporary contexts of human-cetacean interactions. In Whale-Watching: Sustainable tourism and ecological management (eds. Higham JES et al.). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK. Pp. 31-47.

Allen SJ, Tyne J, Kobryn HT, Bejder L, Pollock KH, Loneragan NR (2014). Patterns of dolphin bycatch in a north-western Australian trawl fishery. PLoS ONE 9: e93178.

Brown A, Kopps AM, Allen SJ, Bejder L, Littleford-Colquhoun B, Parra GJ, Cagnazzi D, Thiele D, Palmer C, Frère C (2014). Population differentiation and hybridisation of Australian snubfin (Orcaella heinsohni) and Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins (Sousa chinensis) in north-western Australia. PLoS ONE 9: e101427.

Furuichi T, Connor R, Hashimoto C (2014). Non-conceptive sexual interactions in monkeys, apes, and dolphins. In Primates and Cetaceans (eds. J. Yamagiwa & L. Karczmarski). Springer: Japan. Pp 385–408.

Jaiteh VF, Allen SJ, Meeuwig JJ, Loneragan NR (2014). Combining in-trawl video with observer coverage improves understanding of protected and vulnerable species bycatch in trawl fisheries. Marine & Freshwater Research 65(9): 830-837.

King SL, Harley HE, & Janik VM (2014). The role of signature whistle matching in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Animal Behaviour 96: 79-86

Kopps AM, Ackermann CY, Sherwin WB, Allen SJ, Bejder L, Krützen M (2014). Cultural transmission of tool use combined with habitat specializations leads to fine-scale genetic structure in bottlenose dolphins. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences 281: 20133245.

Kopps AM, Krützen M, Allen SJ, Bacher K, Sherwin WB (2014). Characterizing the socially transmitted foraging tactic “sponging” by bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) in the western gulf of Shark Bay, Western Australia. Marine Mammal Science 30: 847-863.

Krützen M, Kreicker S, MacLeod CD, Learmonth J, Kopps AM, Walsham P, Allen SJ (2014). Cultural transmission of tool use by Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) provides access to a novel foraging niche. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences 281: 20140374.



Allen SJ (2013). Common bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus. Species account. In Field Companion to the Mammals of Australia (eds. Van Dyck S et al). New Holland Press: Sydney, Australia.

Allen SJ, Krützen M (2013). Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin Tursiops aduncus. Species account. In Field Companion to the Mammals of Australia (eds. Van Dyck S et al). New Holland Press: Sydney, Australia.

Jaiteh VF, Allen SJ, Meeuwig JJ, Loneragan NR (2013). Subsurface behaviour of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) interacting with fish trawl nets in north-western Australia. Marine Mammal Science 29(3): E266-E281.

Janik VM, King SL, Sayigh LS, Wells RS (2013). Identifying signature whistles from recordings of groups of unrestrained bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Marine Mammal Science 29(1):109-122.

King SL & Janik VM (2013). Bottlenose dolphins can use learned vocal labels to address each other. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110 (32): 13216-13221

King SL, Sayigh L, Wells R, Fellner W, & Janik, VM (2013). Vocal copying of individually distinctive signature whistles in bottlenose dolphins. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 280: 1757.



Allen SJ, Cagnazzi DD, Hodgson AJ, Loneragan NR, Bejder L (2012). Tropical inshore dolphins of north-western Australia: Unknown quantities along a changing coastline. Pacific Conservation Biology 18(1): 56-63.

Brown A, Bejder L, Cagnazzi D, Parra G, Allen SJ (2012). The North West Cape, Western Australia: A potential hotspot for Indo-Pacific Humpback Dolphins Sousa chinensis? Pacific Conservation Biology 18(4): 240-246.

Kopps AM, Sherwin WB (2012). Modelling the emergence and stability of a vertically transmitted cultural trait in bottlenose dolphins. Animal Behaviour 84: 1347-1362.

Krzyszczyk E, Kopps AM, Bacher K, Smith H, Stephens N, Meighan NA, Mann J (2012). A report on six cases of seagrass-associated gastric impaction in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) Marine Mammal Science doi:10.1111/j.1748-7692.2012.00579.x.

Nicholson K, Bejder L, Allen SJ, Krützen M, Pollock KH (2012). Abundance, survival and temporary emigration of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) off Useless Loop in the western gulf of Shark Bay, Western Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 63: 1059-1068.

Randić S, Connor R, Sherwin W, Krützen M (2012). A novel mammalian social structure in Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.): complex male alliances in an open social network. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences 279: 3083-3090.

Tyne J, Loneragan N, Kopps A, Allen S, Krützen M, Bejder, L (2012) Ecological characteristics contribute to sponge distribution and tool use in bottlenose dolphins Tursiops sp. Marine Ecology Progress Series 444: 143-153.



Allen SJ, Bejder L, Krützen M (2011). Why do Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) carry conch shells (Turbinella sp.) in Shark Bay, Western Australia? Marine Mammal Science 27: 449-454.

Connor RC, Watson-Capps JJ, Sherwin WB, Krützen M (2011). A new level of complexity in the male alliance networks of indian ocean bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.). Biology Letters 7: 623–626.

Frère C, Mann J, Krützen M, Connor R, Bejder L, Sherwin W (2011). Nature and nurture: A step towards investigating their interactions in the wild. Communicative and Integrative Biology 4: 192-193.



Alberts S, Altman J, Bejder L, Connor R, Daher MA, Engleby L, Flaherty C, Primack D, Read A, Ridgway SH, Silk J, Spradlin T, Tyack P (2010) Memories: Amy Samuels. Marine Mammal Science 26: 501-507.

Bacher K, Allen S, Lindholm AK, Bejder L, Krützen M (2010). Genes or Culture: Are Mitochondrial Genes Associated with Tool Use in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops sp.)? Behavior Genetics 40: 706-714.

Connor RC (2010). Cooperation beyond the dyad: on simple models and a complex society. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 365: 2687–2697.

Frère C, Krützen M, Mann J, Watson-Capps J, Tsai Y, Patterson E, Connor R, Bejder L,  Sherwin W (2010). Home range overlap, matrilineal and biparental kinship drive female associations in bottlenose dolphins. Animal Behaviour 80: 481–486.

Frère CH, Krützen M, Mann J, Connor RC, Bejder L, Sherwin WB (2010). Social and genetic interactions drive fitness variation in a free-living dolphin population. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 19949–19954.

Frère C, Krützen M, Kopps A, Ward P, Mann J, Sherwin WB (2010). Inbreeding Tolerance and Fitness Costs in Wild Bottlenose Dolphins. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277: 2667-2673.

Gilby IC, Connor RC (2010). The role of intelligence in group hunting: are chimpanzees different from other social predators. In The mind of the chimpanzee: ecological and experimental perspectives (eds. Lonsdorf EV et al.). University of Chicago Press: Chicago. Pp 220–233.

Tyne JA, Loneragan NR, Krützen M, Allen SJ, Bejder L (2010). An integrated data management and video system for sampling aquatic benthos. Marine and Freshwater Research 61: 1023-1028.



Connor RC, Vollmer N (2009). Sexual coercion in dolphin consortships: a comparison with chimpanzees. In Sexual coercion in primates: an evolutionary perspective on male aggression against females (eds. M.N. Muller & R.W. Wrangham ). Pp 218–243. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Nater A, Kopps AM, Krützen M (2009). New polymorphic tetranucleotide microsatellites improve scoring accuracy in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus). Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 531-534.



Aureli F, Schaffner C, Boesch C, Bearder S, Call J, Chapman C, Connor R, Di Fiore A, Dunbar R, Henzi S, et al. (2008). Fission-fusion dynamics. Current Anthropology 49: 627–654.

Krützen M, Allen SJ (2008). Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops aduncus. Species account. In The Mammals of Australia (eds van Dyck, Strahan R). New Holland Publishers: Sydney. Pp 837-838

Mann J, Sargeant BL, Watson-Capps JJ, Gibson QA, Heithaus MR, Connor RC, Patterson E (2008). Why Do Dolphins Carry Sponges? PLoS ONE 3: 1-7.



Connor RC (2007). Dolphin social intelligence: complex alliance relationships in bottlenose dolphins and a consideration of selective environments for extreme brain size evolution in mammals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences 362: 587-602.

Marino L, Connor RC, Fordyce RE, et al. (2007). Cetaceans have complex brains for complex cognition. PLoS Biology 5: e139.



Bejder L, Samuels A, Whitehead H, Gales N, Mann J, Connor R, Heithaus M, Watson-Capps J, Flaherty C, Krützen M (2006). Decline in relative abundance of bottlenose dolphins exposed to long-term disturbance. Conservation Biology 20: 1791–1798.

Connor RC, Mann J (2006). Social cognition in the wild: Machiavellian dolphins? In Rational Animals? (eds. Hurley S, Nudds M). Oxford University Press: Oxford. Pp 329–367

Connor R, Mann J, Watson-Capps J (2006). A sex-specific affiliative contact behavior in Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops sp. Ethology 112: 631–638.

Connor R, Smolker R, Bejder L (2006). Synchrony, social behaviour and alliance affiliation in Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops aduncus. Animal Behaviour 72: 1371–1378.



Connor RC, Whitehead H (2005). Alliances II: Rates of encounter during resource utilization: a general model of intrasexual alliance formation in fission-fusion societies. Animal Behaviour 69: 127–132.

Gero S, Bejder L, Whitehead H, Mann J, Connor RC (2005). Behaviorally specific preferred associations in bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops sp. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83: 1566-1573.

Krützen M, Mann J, Heithaus M, Connor R, Bejder L, Sherwin WB (2005). Cultural transmission of tool use in bottlenose dolphins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105: 8939-8943.

Sargeant B, Mann J, Berggren P, Krützen M (2005). Specialization and development of beach hunting, a rare foraging behavior, by wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.). Canadian Journal of Zoology 83: 1400-1410.

Scott EM, Mann J, Watson JJ, Sergeant BL, Connor RC (2005). Aggression in bottlenose dolphins: Evidence for sexual coercion, male-male competition, and female tolerance through analysis of tooth-rake marks and behaviour. Behaviour 142: 21-44.

Whitehead H, Connor RC (2005). Alliances I: How large should alliances be? Animal Behaviour 69: 117-126.



Krützen M, Barre LM, Connor RC, Mann J, Sherwin WB (2004). O father: where art thou? – Paternity assessment in an open fission-fusion society of wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Molecular Ecology 13: 1975-1990.

Krützen M, Sherwin WB, Berggren P, Gales NJ (2004). Population structure in an inshore cetacean revealed by microsatellite and mtDNA analysis: bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Marine Mammal Science 20: 28-47.



Connor RC, Krützen M (2003). Levels and patterns in dolphin alliance formation. In Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies (eds. de Waal F, Tyack PL). Harvard University Press: Cambridge. Pp. 115–120.

Krützen M, Sherwin WB, Connor RC, Barré LM, Van de Casteele T, Mann J, Brooks R (2003). Contrasting relatedness patterns in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) with different alliance strategies. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 270: 497–502.



Krützen M, Barre LM, Möller LM, Simms C, Heithaus MR, Sherwin WB (2002). A biopsy system for small cetaceans: darting success and wound healing in Tursiops sp. Marine Mammal Science 18: 863-878.



Connor RC (2001). Individual foraging specializations in marine mammals: culture and ecology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24: 329-330.

Connor RC (2001). Social relationships in a big-brained aquatic mammal. In Model Systems in Behavioral Ecology (ed. Dugatkin LA). Princeton University Press. Pp 408-432.

Connor RC, Heithaus M, Barre L (2001) Complex social structure, alliance stability, and mating access in bottlenose dolphin ’super-alliance’. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences 286: 263–267.

Krützen M, Valsecchi E, Connor R, Sherwin WB (2001). Characterization of microsatellite loci in Tursiops aduncus. Molecular Ecology Notes 1: 170–172.



Connor RC (2000). Group Living in Whales and Dolphins. In Cetacean Societies: Field studies of whales and dolphins (eds. Mann J, Connor R, Tyack P, Whitehead H). University of Chicago Press: Chicago. Pp. 199-218.

Connor RC, Heithaus MR, Berggren P, Miksis JL (2000). ‘Kerplunking': Surface fluke-splashes during shallow water bottom foraging by bottlenose dolphins. Marine Mammal Science 16: 646-653.

Connor RC, Read A, Wrangham RW (2000). Male reproductive strategies and social bonds. In Cetacean Societies: Field studies of whales and dolphins (eds. Mann J, Connor R, Tyack P, Whitehead H). University of Chicago Press: Chicago. Pp. 247-269.

Connor R, Wells R, Mann J, Read A (2000). The bottlenose dolphin. In Cetacean Societies: Field studies of whales and dolphins (eds. Mann J, Connor R, Tyack P, Whitehead H). University of Chicago Press: Chicago. Pp. 91–125.

Mann J, Connor R, Barre L, Heithaus M (2000). Female reproductive success in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.): Life history, habitat, provisioning, and group-size effects. Behavioral Ecology 11: 210–219.

Connor RC, Heithaus M, Barre L (1999). Super-alliance of bottlenose dolphins. Nature 371: 571–572.

Smolker R, Pepper JW (1999). Whistle convergence among allied male bottlenose dolphins (Delphinidae, Tursiops sp.). Ethology 105: 595–617.

Connor RC, Mann J, Tyack PL, Whitehead H (1998). Social evolution in toothed whales. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13: 228–232.

Smolker R, Richards A, Connor R, Mann J, Berggren P (1997). Sponge Carrying by Dolphins (Delphinidae, Tursiops sp.): A Foraging Specialization Involving Tool Use? Ethology 103: 454-465.

Connor RC, Heithaus MR (1996). Approach by great white shark elicits flight response in bottlenose dolphins. Marine Mammal Science 12: 602-606.

Connor R, Richards A, Smolker R, Mann, J (1996). Patterns of female attractiveness in indian ocean bottlenose dolphins. Behaviour 133: 37–69.

Connor R, Smolker R (1996). ‘Pop’ goes the dolphin: A vocalization male bottlenose dolphins produce during consortships. Behaviour 133: 643–662.


1995 and prior

Connor R, Smolker R (1995). Seasonal changes in the stability of male-male bonds in Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.). Aquatic Mammals 21: 213–216.

Mann J, Smolker RA, Smuts BB (1995). Responses to calf entanglement in free-ranging bottlenose dolphins. Marine Mammal Science 11: 100–106.

Smolker R, Mann J, Smuts B (1993). Use of signature whistles during separations and reunions by wild bottlenose dolphin mothers and infants. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 33: 393–402.

Connor RC, Smolker RA, Richards AF (1992). Dolphin alliances and coalitions. In Coalitions and Alliances in Animals and Humans (eds. Harcourt A, de Waal F). Oxford University Press: Oxford. Pp. 415–443.

Connor RC, Smolker RA, Richards AF (1992). Two levels of alliance formation among male bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 89: 987–990.

Smolker RA, Richards AF, Connor RC, Pepper J (1992). Sex differences in patterns of association among Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins. Behaviour 123: 38–69.

Connor RC, Smolker RA (1990). Quantitative description of a rare behavioral event: a bottlenose dolphins behavior toward her deceased offspring. In The Bottlenose Dolphin (eds. Leatherwood S, Reeves RR). Academic Press: New York. Pp. 355-360.

Smolker R, Richards AF (1988). Loud sounds during feeding in Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins. In Animal Sonar: processes and performance (eds. Nachtigall P, Moore PWB). Plenum Press: New York. Pp. 703-706.

Connor RC, Smolker RA (1985). Habituated dolphins (Tursiops sp.) in Western Australia. Journal of Mammalogy 66: 398-400.